The following are factors you must consider while constructing a Pig Pen.
– – The Type of Housing
– -The features of the Housing
– -Necessary Items in The Pen
1. The Type of Hosing
There are two (2) types of Housing for Pig(s) used in different part of the World.
i. Local Housing
ii. Modern Housing
The above Housing Method mentioned above can be used for commercial purpose and substantial purpose.
i. LOCAL HOUSING METHOD (LHM) :- This method was first the first adapted method for rearing/ keeping and Housing Pigs. This method was based on Man’s Natural thinking without seeking any further Help.
This type of Housing system (LOCAL HOUSING) are mostly built with wood, iron roof locally called “PAN”; the listed materials are built in form of a wooden box which can contain 2-3 pigs or more depending on the size and does not require much space as shown below.
Advantages and Disadvantages of using Local Housing Method
i. It is very cheap to build.
ii. It does not require much space.
iii. Structure Engineer is not needed here.
iv. It can be used for substantial farming and commercial farming.
i. There is fast break out of Diseases.
ii. It has a poor durability.
iii. It requires High Labour.
iv. The pigs life are endangered i.e. not safe from thieves.
ii. MODERN HOUSING METHOD (MHM):-
This method is the newly adapted, Housing System used now a days, mostly for commercial purpose/ commercial farming.
In the modern Housing Method the pen can be built on the purpose desired for i.e. breeding or purpose or breeding and fattening purpose.
-Breeding Purpose meaning rearing for birth purpose or experimental purpose.
-Fattening Purpose which means rearing for slaughter (Pig Production) i.e. Pork meat etc.
This method is proven the best method to rear pigs for any purpose because it gives the suitable condition for them to live, brood and for production.
They are built with bricks, iron, asbestos, sands and cement etc. as shown below ;
ADVANATAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MODERN HOSUING METHOD
-ADVANTAGES OF MODERN HOUSING METHOD
i. No breakout of Diseases.
ii. Easy Monitoring of Pigs Health and Condition.
Iii. It require less Labour.
Iv. It is very conducive for the Pigs.
v. it can be used for breeding and fattening Purpose.
vi. It has high durability i.e. it last long.
vii. all necessity are always available in the pen i.e. first aid box etc.
-DISADVANTAGES OF MODERN HOUSING METHOD
i. It is very expensive to build.
ii. It requires much space (land).
– THE FEATURES OF THE HOSUING (PIG PEN)
The features of both methods were briefly explained and shown above.
1. LOCAL HOUSING METHOD: – as said earlier; it a wooden pen built with wood, the common type.
2. MODERN HOUSING METHOD:-
– Well cemented walls.
– Accurate dimension of demarcation. ( dividing each sector of the pig into equal sizes)
– Strong Flooring (German floor recommended)
– Drainage for water
– All feeding items are available
– Tank with running water to pass water into the Pen. etc.
:: in the Local Housing Method Feedlot are always temporary, no shower , no first aid box etc.
:: In the Modern Housing System The feedlot is Permanent, first aid box always available, shower etc.
It advisable and recommendable to use the Method Housing Method for Pig Farming